My chosen research study topic is “Event perception and memory” because it relates to cognition and memory. The study emphasizes how much of our daily experience consists of events and how the perceptual systems that reflect these events have a significant impact on our ability to control our actions, use of language, and recalling. “Both event representations in perception and memory”, have intricate internal structures composed of interconnected components, and both are heavily influenced by information derived from past experiences. Memory and event perception have been linked to various computational and neurological systems that develop slowly during, “childhood and are affected by factors such as language use, subject-matter expertise, and brain maladies and injuries”. Present-day theoretical frameworks emphasize how events are encoded in a consistent manner for perception, action, and memory, while concentrating on the processes that distinguish past from present occurrences.
Memory and event perception have been extensively studied by psychology. This assessment will essentially be “selective”, with an emphasis on comprehending daily occurrences. When a person encounters a specific event, they can impart the knowledge they’ve gained from countless interactions with various types of events. Long ago, it was proposed that event scripts or schemas should maintain information regarding, “the temporal structure of events, entities, roles, and locations”. Being cognizant of upcoming events enables one to anticipate their outcomes. “Working event model formation and the predictive nature of event perception”, highlight the fact that “now is a temporally ambiguous concept”; the present and future are not distinct. This suggests that precise differentiation between memory systems and perceptual systems is unattainable. When recalling, we examine how retrieval of information from long-term memory fills an individual’s event model, whereas when perceiving, we examine how present perceptual information fills an individual’s working model. This study examines the interaction, “between perception, working memory, and long-term memory”, from a novel perspective.
Recent Advances in Event Cognition and Methodological Innovations
Recent concerns in event cognition include “the multimodal integration of representations for perception and action” and “the processing of the temporal structure of events.” Recent advances in event cognition are primarily attributable to the application of novel methodological instruments and procedures. “Eye-tracking techniques”, for managing difficult, dynamic inputs are one such innovation. Due to “multivariate pattern analysis, inter-subject synchronization measures, and functional connectivity analysis,” scientists can now test complex new hypotheses.
Event recall can be conceptualized, for instance, “the production of a working model” based on additional data, such as previously learned information, information created as the model is being constructed, and episode-specific representations (Zacks, 2020). The creation of a functional event model enriches these memory systems with new representations, which indirectly influences recall. “The development of event memory”, necessitates an understanding of event classes. Future research must examine how information and other factors influence how an event is perceived.
These methods demonstrate that in later phases of perceptual processing, longer time scales take precedence. In a perfect world, a model would be capable of analyzing, “the same stimuli as a participant”, constructing, “a set of representations”, that would allow it to monitor behavior in real time, and possessing knowledge and memories of past events.
Zacks J. M. (2020). Event Perception and Memory.
Annual review of psychology,