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Writing Assignment #3

The Multiple-Source Synthesis Essay: Literature Review

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Summary of Assignment

·Task: The multiple-source essay asks you to synthesize the arguments of at least 10 sources

·Length: 2000-3000 words

·Format: APA ·Sources: a total of at least 10 sources, all of which should be from scholarly

journals or credible trade journals. You should find your sources through library searches. If you

cite sources from websites or popular journals, these sources should be in addition to the 10

sources you have cited from scholarly or trade journals.

·Topic: Please use the same topic that you used for writing assignments #1 and #2. It is

recommended that you focus on or expand on the essay that you wrote for writing assignment

#2. You will continue with the topic you have selected and will conduct additional searches in

the library databases, hopefully, focusing on the topic more, and determining the 10 or more

sources to use in this essay. Please note that this is a review of the literature on a topic. It is not

a persuasive essay using sources to support a point. Rather it is an overview of the current

research on a topic.

Integration of Sources: At least eight sources must be cited in the body of the essay. You may

cite sources in your introduction to help you define terms, and you may cite sources in your

conclusion to help you direct the reader to further inquiry. However, the body of the essay

should synthesize at least 8 sources.

Strategies for Developing the Topic for this Essay

Up to this point in the semester, you have completed an annotated bibliography on your chosen

topic. You have also incorporated and synthesized six sources into writing assignment #2. The

work you have completed for these assignments provides a solid foundation for writing

assignment #3. In this assignment, you will synthesize the ideas of at least 10 sources in a

synthesis essay, or literature review. For your annotated bibliography, you selected a topic based

on your interests and, potentially, your major. You constructed a list of five references and

summarized and critically analyzed them in 150-200 words each. You then completed the

six-source essay and synthesized sources. Through this process, you may have seen patterns in

the scholarly literature in the topic on which you conducted research. For example, consider the

following examples:

•You may have researched studies in criminal justice and found that there are varying opinions

on how to respond to criminal behavior among youth.

•·You may have researched studies in psychology and found that counseling strategies for

victims of domestic abuse tend to fall into four categories.

•·You may have researched articles on gerontology and found studies that answered three basic

questions on how older adults respond to training for physical performance.

•·You may have researched articles on environmental management and found studies on

climate change. You noticed that various demographic factors influence whether individuals

believe in climate change and, if so, whether they believe it is caused by human activity.

In the synthesis essay, you will focus your research efforts in a particular area, as a response to

what you found while writing the annotated bibliography and in constructing the six-source

essay. You will then conduct more research and synthesize your findings in this literature review.

Please note that the annotated bibliography and the six-source essay represent a journey in

your research.

You might decide to disregard several of the articles you analyzed in the critical annotated

bibliography or in the following essay because they do not speak to the specific area on which

you have decided to write your multiple-source literature review. You might select one article

that you analyzed in the critical annotated bibliography, look up the articles cited in that article,

and “snowball” your research in that way.

In other words, this process is a recursive one. You might find reasons to hone in on and narrow

your topic even further after you have written the annotated bibliography.

For these reasons, you are strongly encouraged to write on the same general topic on which you

wrote writing assignment #2. You might focus on the topic more for writing assignment #3. Or

you might expand on the topic for writing assignment #3.

How to organize the multiple-source essay:

You will divide the essay into categories. Each category will be labeled with a heading. For you

to see this concept with a real-life example, you can access a sample synthesis or literature

review from a psychology student that you can find in Week 7 Content/Resources under

PSYCHSample_LitReview.

The student authors her paper on the following topic: Emotional Eating: The Perpetual Cycle of

MoodFood Influence. She divides her literature into the following categories, which are used as

headings throughout the paper:

•Influence of Mood on Eating Behavior

•Gender Differences

•Influence of Eating Behavior on Later Moods

•Chronic Stress Response Network

Notice how she synthesizes and integrates the research into distinct categories, labeled by

headings.

Strategies for Developing Categories

When you have focused on your topic, determine how you will divide the literature. In other

words, consider the following examples we described above:

You may have researched studies in criminal justice and found that there are varying opinions

on how to respond to criminal behavior among youth.

You might divide the paper as follows:

Introduction

Body

● ·Category 1: “A” view on responding to criminal behavior.

● ·Category 2: “B” view on responding to criminal behavior.

● ·Category 3: “C” view on responding to criminal behavior.

● ·Category 4: “D” view on responding to criminal behavior.

Conclusion

You may have researched studies in psychology and found that counseling strategies for victims

of domestic abuse tend to fall into four categories. You might divide the paper as follows:

Introduction

Body

● ·Category 1: “A” counseling strategy for victims of child abuse

● ·Category 2: “B” counseling strategy for victims of child abuse

● ·Category 3: “C” counseling strategy for victims of child abuse

● ·Category 4: “D” counseling strategy for victims of child abuse

Conclusion

You may have researched articles on gerontology and found studies that answered three basic

questions on how older adults respond to training for physical performance. You might divide

the paper as follows:

Introduction

Body

● ·Question 1

● ·Question 2

● ·Question 3

Conclusion

You may have researched articles on environmental management and found studies on climate

change. You noticed that various demographic factors influence whether individuals believe in

climate change and, if so, whether they believe it is caused by human activity. You might divide

the paper as follows:

Introduction

Body

● ·Political affiliation and its impact on belief in climate change

● ·Socio-economic status and its impact on belief in climate change

● ·Religious and other influences on belief in climate change

Conclusion

Point of view

For this essay, you will use a third-person point of view. Please do not use the first person point

of view (e.g., “I,” “me,” “we”) in writing this essay. In addition, please do not use a

second-person point of view (“you” or “your”) in writing this essay. For example, instead of

“Smith argues that, as a director, you have a duty to coordinate cybersecurity efforts…” you

would write, “Smith argues that directors have a duty to coordinate cybersecurity efforts…”

APA Style

The paper should be formatted in APA style. The link “APA 7th edition example student paper”

from Week 3 will be a helpful resource. In summary, you should observe the following:

● ·Use one-inch margins.

● ·Double space.

● ·Use size 12 Times New Roman font.

● ·Include a running head.

● ·Include page numbers.

● ·Include a title page.

● ·Include a “References” page on which you list the articles in APA style

● ·Do not include an abstract. This paper is not long enough to warrant an abstract.

Submitting the assignment:

You will submit a first draft of the essay to the assignment folder. The first draft will not be

graded. The instructor will provide comments on it. After receiving comments from the

instructor, you will submit a revised draft. The final draft will be graded.

Helpful Resources:

·Graff, G. and Birkenstein, C., They Say / I Say: The Moves that Matter in Academic Writing with

Readings. This chapter is in the e-reserves of our class. It mentions various techniques to apply

in stating what an author said and your response to the author. It is recommended that you

read that chapter so that you might apply these techniques to this essay.